Vrnjacka Banja is the largest and the most famous spa town in Serbia and beyond. Traditionally, it is an attractive tourist destination for rest and recreation. The spa town is located in central Serbia, about 200 km south of Belgrade. It is very well connected with all parts of Serbia and Montenegro.
It is surrounded by the mountains Kopaonik (2017m), Zeljin (1785m), Stolovi (1376m) and the nearby beautiful Goc (1216m). The climate is moderately continental. The influence of the nearby mountains gives the microclimate of Vrnjacka Banja a special character and makes it very pleasant. Summers are moderately hot, with fresh mornings and evenings, and winters are snowy and without severe frosts. The average annual temperature is 10.5 ° C, and the average summer temperature is 20 ° C.
Vrnjacka Banja also has a very long healing tradition. In the period from the 2nd to the 4th century, the Romans built their health resort and recovery center AOUAE ORCINAE at the Vrnjacka hot mineral spring. Archaeological finds in the narrower core of the Roman spa testify to that, as well as a swimming pool, a Roman spring of hot mineral water (Fons Romanus) and a multitude of coins left in a healing spring for cult reasons. Legionnaires of the 5th Legion of Flavian and the 7th Legion of Claudian, as well as the Romanized tribal aristocracy of the indigenous people, mostly came here for treatment and recovery.
The development of the modern Vrnjacka Banja began in 1868 with the work of the “Founding Society”, the oldest tourist organization in the Balkans. Today, Vrnjacka Banja is the largest spa resort in Serbia and a respected tourist center. It is the richest and most interesting tourist place in Serbia. Moreover, Banja is an area where the Middle Ages meet modern trends at every step. In the north, there is a fertile arable land of western Pomoravlje, and in the south, over 100 km long gorge of the Ibar River, which breaks through the mountain gorges of ancient Dardania, later Raska, where the Serbian state was formed. There are also high mountains with famous winter sports centers, among which Kopaonik stands out. Finally, this is a region with the most important monuments of Serbian medieval culture, especially monasteries with monumental fresco paintings, some of which have been protected by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage.
Throughout the year, especially in the months of the summer tourist season, Vrnjacka Banja offers its visitors an extremely rich and diverse cultural and entertainment program. Numerous sports and recreational facilities and fields provide very good conditions for recreation and are suitable for preparation of top sports teams.